Mergers & Acquisitions

Enabling Start-ups Carefully Navigating the Legal Waters To Successful Mergers & Acquisitions

Business Plan pana

Strategising the formation from multiple to a singular enitity

Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) is the area of corporate finances, management and strategy dealing with purchasing and/or joining with other companies. As the companies involved are typically of similar size and stature, the term “merger of equals” is sometimes used.

When two companies combine to form a single entity, it is called mergers. For example, when company A and company B combine and form Company AB it is a merger. Lately formed new entity ‘Vodafone Idea Limited’ is a good example of a merger in which Vodafone India merged with Idea Cellular.

Types of Documents

Architecting the four corners of a merger

Documentation not plays an important role, not only in mergers and acquisitions, but an form of legal bindings. M&A procedures have a myriad of documents that are introduced along the process in different stages. While some doucments may or may not be legally enforceable, they ensure a solid foundation to work upon.

Letter of intent

This non-binding document is the beginning of a merger and acquisition transaction. The relevance of this document is sometimes not perceived by the seller. The seller has to consider this document with the same diligence which he makes for other documents in the transaction.

Acquisition agreement

After this is the acquisition documents. Parties in the transaction will enter into an acquisition agreement which is a binding document. The acquisition agreement contains terms of the deal entered between parties.

Articles of incorporation

Amendments to the articles of incorporation of the surviving company are essential. This includes the issuance of any new class of shares if any according to the acquisition agreement, change in the name of the company if any, any change in the purpose clause, expansion details by the company if any, etc.

Further documents are introduced in the later stages of the merger and acquisition process. Photon Legal guides you through this journey a with utmost diligence and care to ensure there are no loose ends.


Banking on our expertise in helping starts-ups stay legally solid

Our team of experts count on the years of experience in the dealing with mergers and acquisitions for start-ups. The important goal for us always remains to ensure the companies stay legally fortified in the process of creating a singular organisation.


Photon Legal team acts as the end-to-end legal consultant during mergers and acqusitions. Our expertise ensure the best interests of our clients are safegaurded.


The list of required documentation during a merger or acquisition is endless. With new set of documents that get incorporated in the process at every stage, Photon Legal helps draft and formulate the successul organisation of these documents

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